Introduction to Structure of Scientific Paper
In writing a paper, we are usually required to follow the writing structure of the…
If you want to write the Introduction, you need to write the detail of your research. In contrast to abstract writing, the Introduction must detail explain the general problem until the expected research results. In writing the Introduction there is some part that must explain in each paragraph that we write. The parts that must be in the Introduction in accordance with the order of paragraphs include:
The Introduction is usually more emphasized in the discussion of the urgency of the problem that you want to solve. Usually, the urgency of the problem will be conveyed in the first paragraph. In this paragraph, explain the problem in general and explain why the problem is very important to be resolved. Don’t forget to add sources or citations that prove that the problem actually happened.
(Read Also: 7 Tips and Tricks for Publish in Scopus Journal)
After you explain the general description of the problem, in the second paragraph, explain the problem that you want to solve specifically. Specifically here in terms of discussion, the problem has led to the object of the problem that you want to solve. Describe what objects you want to discuss and also include the types of data that you want to use. In explaining the object of the problem in detail, it is also necessary to add sources or citations that prove that the problem really happened.
Furthermore, you must write an existing solution or current solution. Observing existing solutions can be done by reading other papers that are similar to your research. Write down some of the solutions you have gotten by writing down the source or writing down citations. Previous research that is usually discussed and written in the Introduction is the method used and the results of the research conducted.
This paragraph is a continuation of the 3rd paragraph. If you already know the method that uses from the results of previous research, you can take one of the sides for you to discuss in the 4th paragraph. You can write about the advantages or disadvantages of previous research.
If you are going to discuss the disadvantages, write the gaps that you found in the previous research. After that, you can solve the gap or correct them in your current research. Gaps in previous research can be in the form of deficiencies in modeling or selection of methods, deficiencies in modeling solutions, or deficiencies in the use of data.
If you will discuss the advantages or strengths of previous research, then in this paragraph you need to discuss what greatness of previous research. You can follow the greatness to implement on the object of problems that you will complete in your current research.
Note: Sometimes you need to take a separate sub-chapter to discuss previous research if the previous research. Because if you need to explain more than three articles and there are quite a lot of things you need to explore.
After you explain the advantages or disadvantages of previous research, the next step is to convey how the solution you propose to solve the problem discussed in paragraphs 1 and 2. In this discussion explain the method modeling briefly, the data used, and the expected results.
For more information read also 7 Tips and Tricks for Publish in Scopus Journal.
Note: There are several studies that combine explanation of general problems and specific problems in one paragraph. This is certainly not a problem as long as the submission in one paragraph is able to fulfill all the things to be conveyed.
To improve your writing skills, you can follow some guidelines in writing each section in the following article.
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