Guideline for Writing Conclusions in Scientific Paper

After your paper has entered the conclusion writing phase, it means that you are only one step away. After this, you will be able to submit your paper to a journal. However, writing conclusions can not be taken lightly, because this section is also a crucial part of writing a paper. A correct trick is needed to make a good conclusion. Because the part that will be read first after the abstract is a conclusion.

In addition, this article will also discuss how to write acknowledgments or thank you and write references. Let’s look at the article until it runs out.

Write a Good Conclusion

Writing conclusions in the paper is very different from writing conclusions in scientific reports or thesis. In the paper, conclusions will write in one sub-chapter containing conclusions from the results of the overall research that can answer the problem formulation along with suggestions for the future development of this research. There are no written advice sub-chapters and no numbering, conclusions written in one or a maximum of two paragraphs. Important points in writing a conclusion are:

  • Describe the overall results of the study in a few short sentences.
  • Make sure your description has answered the proposed problem statement.
  • Also, write suggestions for the future development of this research in the last sentence.
Tips for Writing Good Conclusions

Example of Conclusion

Next, I give an example of writing a conclusion drawn from a paper entitled Modeling Backpropagation Neural Network for Rainfall Prediction in Tengger East Java.

This research has to model the Backpropagation Neural Network (BPNN) for rainfall prediction in Tengger. From the testing result, the most optimum modeling of parameter BPNN gets the result the value of the learning rate is 0.4, the number of hidden layers is 3, and the number of a maximum epoch is 4000. This modeling has short time execution and small RMSE. From the prediction testing result, get the value of average RMSE from the learning process is 8.14 and the RMSE from the testing process is 8.28.


In the paper, sometimes you need to write acknowledgments. The remarks were conveyed to related parties who have contributed to helping researchers in the form of funds, data, or assistance in other forms. Examples of writing thank-you notes are usually used in research funded by certain sources such as Kemenristekdikti. The following is an example of writing a thank you note to the source of the funding. For example:

This research was supported by the local Meteorological and Geophysics Agency Tengger, East Java and Faculty of Computer Science, Brawijaya University.

To improve your writing skills, you can follow some guidelines in writing each section in the following article.

Author: Ida Wahyuni
Instagram Direct Message: @idawahyuni92

Written by Ida Wahyuni

Ph.D. student in the Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering at National Central University

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